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Davie v. United States

United States District Court, W.D. Kentucky, Paducah

July 18, 2017

BAILEY ANTHONY DAVIE MOVANT/DEFENDANT
v.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA RESPONDENT/PLAINTIFF

          MEMORANDUM OPINION

          Thomas B. Russell, Senior Judge United States District Court.

         Movant Bailey Anthony Davie filed a pro se motion to vacate, set aside or correct his sentence pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255 (DN 132). The Court reviewed the motion under Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2255 Cases in the United States District Courts. Upon review, the Court directed Davie to show cause why his motion should not be dismissed as barred by the applicable statute of limitations. Davie did not file a response to the Show Cause Order. Upon review, for the reasons set forth below, the Court will deny the motion as untimely.

         I.

         After entering a guilty plea, Davie was convicted on November 26, 2012, on one count of maintaining a drug-involved premises for the purpose of distributing cocaine. He was sentenced to 110 months' imprisonment. Davie did not file a direct appeal of his conviction. He filed the instant § 2255 motion on December 15, 2016.[1]

         II.

         Section 2255 provides for a one-year limitations period, which shall run from the latest of:

(1) the date on which the judgment of conviction becomes final;
(2) the date on which the impediment to making a motion created by governmental action in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States is removed, if the movant was prevented from making a motion by such governmental action;
(3) the date on which the right asserted was initially recognized by the Supreme Court, if that right has been newly recognized by the Supreme Court and made retroactively applicable to cases on collateral review; or
(4) the date on which the facts supporting the claim or claims presented could have been discovered through the exercise of due diligence.

§ 2255(f).

         When a § 2255 movant does not pursue a direct appeal to the court of appeals, his conviction becomes final on the date on which the time for filing such appeal expires. See Sanchez-Castellano v. United States, 358 F.3d 424, 428 (6th Cir. 2004). Judgment was entered in this case on November 26, 2012. The judgment became final on December 10, 2012, upon the expiration of the fourteen-day period for filing a notice of appeal. Davie had one year, or until December 10, 2013, in which to timely file a motion under § 2255. Accordingly, Davie's motion was filed approximately three years after the statute of limitations expired. Under § 2255(f), therefore, Davie's motion appears to be time-barred and subject to summary dismissal.

         As the sole ground in support of his motion, Davie states, “In light of Mathis and Hinkle, petitioner conviction for trafficking in a controlled substance no longer qualify as a predicate offense for the career offender enhancement.” Thus, the Court construes the motion as challenging Davie's classification as a career offender under the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines based on the recent Supreme Court decision in Mathis v. United States, 136 S.Ct. 2243 (2016), as well as United States v. Hinkle, 832 F.3d 569 (5th Cir. 2016).

         However, the Supreme Court's decision in Mathis did not create a new rule of law which applies retroactively to cases on collateral review. See Tyler v. Cain, 533 U.S. 656, 663 (2001) (“[A] new rule is not made retroactive to cases on collateral review unless the Supreme Court holds it to be retroactive.”). The Supreme Court gave no indication in Mathis that it intended its holding to be applied retroactively to cases on collateral review. See In re Lott, 838 F.3d 522, 523 (5th Cir. 2016) (finding that the inmate “failed to make a prima facie showing that Mathis . . . set forth new rules of constitutional law that have been made retroactive to cases on collateral review); United States v. Taylor, No. 16-6223, 2016 U.S. App. LEXIS 21701, at *12 (10th Cir. Dec. 6, 2016) (holding that “Mathis did not announce a new rule”); Box v. United States, No. 16-2546, 2016 U.S. App. LEXIS 20373, at *2 (7th Cir. Jul. 20, 2016) (finding that Mathis “does not announce ‘a new rule of constitutional law, made retroactive to cases on collateral review by the Supreme Court[]'”) (quoting § 2255(h)(2)); Atkinson v. United States, No. 1:16-cv-67, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 51049, at *5-6 (W.D. Mich. Apr. 4, 2017) ...


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