United States District Court, E.D. Kentucky, Central Division, Lexington
March 23, 2015
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff,
TIMOTHY ALLEN CATCHING, Defendant.
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
DANNY C. REEVES, District Judge.
Defendant Timothy Allen Catching was sentenced by this Court less than a year ago for possessing with the intent to distribute heroin and possessing a firearm following his conviction to a felony offense. [Record No. 43] The defendant is currently serving a term of imprisonment of 105 months for these offenses. A confidential informant made two controlled buys of heroin from Catching at his place of employment. When arrested, searches of his person, car, and home revealed a considerable sum of cash, heroin, drug paraphernalia, and a firearm. Catching was ultimately held accountable for between 292 to 348 grams of heroin at sentencing.
This matter is currently pending for consideration of Catching's motion for a reduction of his sentence in Criminal Action No. 5: 13-157-DCR pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c) and for appointment of counsel. [Record No. 49] Following additional review of the record, the Court finds that a reduction of the sentence in this matter is unwarranted under the circumstances presented. As a result, both motions will be denied.
The Presentence Investigation Report ("PSR") prepared in advance of the sentencing hearing calculated utilized a Base Offense Level of 26 for purposes of calculating Catching's non-binding range of imprisonment under the United States Sentencing Guidelines (USSG). Under USSG § 3D1.2(c), Counts 2 and 3 were grouped. The calculation for Count 2, which relates to distribution of at least 100 but less than 400 grams of heroin was ultimately used. The Base Offense Level was increased by two levels under U.S.S.G. § 2D1.1(b)(1) because Catching possessed a firearm. However, the government moved for a three-level reduction for his acceptance of responsibility. [Record No. 40] The Court granted this motion, resulting in a Total Offense Level of 25. Based on seven criminal history points, Catching was placed in Criminal History Category IV. As a result, his guideline range was 84 to 105 months.
During the sentencing hearing, the Court considered the serious nature of Catching's drug activity in this case and his possession of a firearm. The Court also considered the defendant's lengthy, drug-related criminal history and drug addiction. Although the circumstances may have warranted a variance above the guidelines in this case, the Court ultimately determined that a sentence of 105 months was sufficient, but not greater than necessary, to meet the applicable statutory goals and objectives of 18 U.S.C. § 3553.
Based on Amendment 782 to the United States Sentencing Guidelines (effective November 1, 2014), applied retroactively to certain drug offense cases, Catching now asks the Court to reduce his sentence. In reviewing the present motion, the Court again considers, inter alia, the seriousness of the crime, Catching's personal history and characteristics, the defendant's acceptance of responsibility and cooperation, and deterrence for future crimes under 18 U.S.C. § 3553.
This Court originally determined that a total term of imprisonment of 105 months was the minimum sentence necessary to meet all statutory considerations. The recent amendment to the drug tables does not alter the Court's conclusion. A reduced term of imprisonment would not provide sufficient punishment for Catching's considerable drug activity. The Court cannot overstate the serious and pervasive nature of Catching's criminal actions, which is further complicated by his own substance abuse. Catching's drug trafficking activity began as a juvenile, as evidenced by his criminal record. Prior drug addiction treatment has been ineffective. Simply put, Catching has not taken advantage of the numerous opportunities to change his actions, as evidenced by his behavior following each term of imprisonment he has served. A lesser term of incarceration would wholly fail to provide sufficient specific or general deterrence under these circumstances. Further, a reduced sentence would unduly diminish the seriousness of Catching's criminal conduct.
While the costs of incarceration are substantial, those costs do not overcome the gravity of this offense and other sentencing factors discussed herein. Accordingly, it is hereby
ORDERED that Defendant Timothy Allen Catching's motion for relief [Record No. 49] pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) is DENIED.