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Baldwin v. Harbrecht

United States District Court, W.D. Kentucky, at Louisville

April 29, 2014

TANYA S. BALDWIN et al. Plaintiffs,
BRIAN HARBRECHT, M.D. et al., Defendants.


THOMAS B. RUSSELL, Senior Judge.

Plaintiffs, Tanya S. Baldwin and her boyfriend Marvin Davey, proceeding in forma pauperis, filed a pro se complaint alleging that Defendants violated their Eighth Amendment rights (DN 1). This matter is before the Court for initial review of the complaint pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2) and McGore v. Wrigglesworth, 114 F.3d 601, 608-09 (6th Cir. 1997), overruled on other grounds by Jones v. Bock, 549 U.S. 199 (2007). For the reasons that follow, this action will be dismissed.


Plaintiffs bring this action against three Defendants: Brian Harbrecht, M.D.; Tathyana Fensterer, M.D.; and Angela Rivera, RN. Plaintiffs represent that all three Defendants are on the medical staff of the University of Louisville Hospital. Plaintiffs seek compensatory damages, "General Monetary Damages, " punitive damages, and for Defendants to pay "Plaintiffs' medical bills" and "all court cost."

According to the complaint, on December 14, 2011, Plaintiff Davey rushed Plaintiff Baldwin to the University of Louisville Hospital because she "was complaining of Acute Abdominal and Chest pains." Apparently, Plaintiff Baldwin was admitted to that hospital and remained hospitalized until she was discharged on December 18, 2011. According to the complaint, Defendant Harbrecht was the admitting physician and the "same doctor that deliberately misdiagnosed plaintiff Tanya Baldwin Serious Medical needs by not treating the (2) holes in her stomach and appendectomy." Plaintiffs further state that Defendant Fensterer and Defendant Harbrecht gave "Plaintiffs... a prescription of Levofloxcian to treat Trichinous neither plaintiffs ever had such illness or disease." As to Defendant Rivera, Plaintiffs state that she "handed plaintiff Marvin Davey a prescription personally and told him Davey to be sure to get this medication Levofloxcin, plaintiff never had any infection."

Plaintiffs state that only hours after being discharged from the University of Louisville Hospital, Plaintiff Baldwin "had to be rushed to Floyd Memorial Hospital and Health Services" and "almost lost her life." While at Floyd Memorial Hospital, Plaintiff Baldwin underwent an exploratory laparotomy in which the surgeon performed an appendectomy and repaired a duodenal ulcer.

Plaintiffs now contend that "their Constitional Rights [were] violated by the Defendants, under the Eight Amendment Deliberate Indifferences to ones Serious Medical Needs, and to be free from Cruel and Unwanted Pain and Suffering, being Medically Misdiagnosed."


Upon review under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e), a district court must dismiss a case at any time if it determines that the action is frivolous or malicious, fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B). A claim is legally frivolous when it lacks an arguable basis either in law or in fact. Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 325 (1989). The trial court may, therefore, dismiss a claim as frivolous where it is based on an indisputably meritless legal theory or where the factual contentions are clearly baseless. Id. at 327. In order to survive dismissal for failure to state a claim, "a complaint must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.'" Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (quoting Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007)).

"[A] district court must (1) view the complaint in the light most favorable to the plaintiff and (2) take all well-pleaded factual allegations as true." Tackett v. M & G Polymers, USA, LLC, 561 F.3d 478, 488 (6th Cir. 2009) (citing Gunasekera v. Irwin, 551 F.3d 461, 466 (6th Cir. 2009) (citations omitted)). "But the district court need not accept a bare assertion of legal conclusions.'" Tackett v. M & G Polymers, USA, LLC, 561 F.3d at 488 (quoting Columbia Natural Res., Inc. v. Tatum, 58 F.3d 1101, 1109 (6th Cir. 1995)). The court's duty "does not require [it] to conjure up unpled allegations, " McDonald v. Hall, 610 F.2d 16, 19 (1st Cir. 1979), or to create a claim for a plaintiff. Clark v. Nat'l Travelers Life Ins. Co., 518 F.2d 1167, 1169 (6th Cir. 1975). To command otherwise would require the Court "to explore exhaustively all potential claims of a pro se plaintiff, [and] would also transform the district court from its legitimate advisory role to the improper role of an advocate seeking out the strongest arguments and most successful strategies for a party." Beaudett v. City of Hampton, 775 F.2d 1274, 1278 (4th Cir. 1985).


Federal district courts are courts of limited jurisdiction, and their powers are enumerated in Article III of the Constitution and in statutes enacted by Congress. Bender v. Williamsport Area Sch. Dist., 475 U.S. 534, 541 (1986); see generally 28 U.S.C. §§ 1330 et seq. The burden of establishing jurisdiction rests with the plaintiff. Hedgepeth v. Tennessee, 215 F.3d 608, 611 (6th Cir. 2000); Douglas v. E.G. Baldwin & Assocs., 150 F.3d 604, 606 (6th Cir. 1998).

A. Federal-Question Jurisdiction

Under the federal-question statute, "[t]he district courts shall have original jurisdiction of all civil actions arising under the Constitution, laws, or treaties of the United States." 28 U.S.C. § 1331. It appears that Plaintiffs are alleging that all three Defendants are employees of the University of Louisville Hospital. The University of Louisville would be considered an arm of the state under Kentucky law. See Graham v. Nat'l Collegiate Athletic Ass'n, 804 F.2d 953, 960 (6th Cir. 1986) ("The University of Louisville is a state agency cloaked with Eleventh Amendment immunity."); Tyler v. Univ. of Louisville, No. 3:06CV-151-R, 2006 WL 3412273, at *4 (W.D. Ky. Nov. 27, 2006) (stating that the University of Louisville "is an arm of the state under Kentucky law"). The Sixth Circuit has held that 42 U.S.C. § 1983 provides the exclusive remedy for constitutional claims brought against state and local officials and local units of government. Thomas v. Shipka, ...

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