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Holt v. Campbell County

United States District Court, Sixth Circuit

June 19, 2013

ANTHONY HOLT, ET AL. Plaintiffs,



This is an action by former detainees at the Campbell County Detention Center (CCDC) against the County and Southern Health Partners (SHP) alleging cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the 8th and 14th Amendments and plaintiffs' civil rights under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiffs also allege state law claims.

This matter is currently before the Court on the motion of the Campbell County defendants for partial summary judgment as to plaintiff, Jeffrey Clint Turner (Doc. 138), and the motion of Southern Health Partners for summary judgment as to plaintiff, Jeffrey Clint Turner. (Doc. 211).

Having reviewed the parties' briefs, the Court concludes that oral argument is unnecessary to the resolution of these motions. The Court therefore issues the following Memorandum Opinion and Order.

Factual and Procedural Background

A. Facts Common to All Claims

Since February 1, 2007, the CCDC has had a contract with SHP pursuant to which SHP provides "all professional medical, mental health, dental and related health care and administrative services" for CCDC inmates, including sick call, nursing care, regular and emergency physician care. (Doc. 132-1). SHP, in turn, contracts with a physician and employs nurses to staff the CCDC. These arrangements were in place at all times relevant to this action.

Plaintiffs filed this case on June 17, 2009, as a proposed class action. (Doc. 1). On June 1, 2010, plaintiff filed a Second Amended Class Action Complaint, which is the operative complaint herein. (Doc. 38). Plaintiffs allege that they were denied medical attention for their serious medical needs in violation of their 8th and 14th Amendment rights. (Doc. 38 ¶¶ 331-32). Plaintiffs also allege negligent or intentional infliction of emotional distress, negligence, loss of consortium, and wrongful death.

On July 9, 2010, this Court denied plaintiffs' motion for class certification. (Doc. 48). Discovery ensued and, after numerous extensions, the pending motions for summary judgment were filed and briefed.

B. Plaintiff Jeffrey Clint Turner

Plaintiff Jeffrey Clint Turner ("Turner") was incarcerated at the CCDC from August 21, 2008 to May 4, 2009. Although Turner alleges that he had been previously diagnosed with hepatitis C, Wilson's Disease, and anemia, at the time he was incarcerated he was not undergoing any treatment for those conditions.[1] (Turner Depo. 52). The Medical Condition/Health History Profile form completed by a deputy at booking indicates that Turner reported diagnoses of Wilson's Disease and hepatitis/jaundice. (Doc. 138-4). Turner testified, however, that he did not tell the deputies that he needed any treatment because it was "irrelevant." (Turner Depo. 63-65).

The day after he was booked into the CCDC, Turner was examined by SHP medical staff, and a nurse completed a Medical Intake Screening form. Turner indicated on this form that he had no medical conditions and had been prescribed valium on occasion. (Doc. 138-5).

In October 2008, Turner requested lotion for dry skin and, on October 26, 2008, he requested dental services for a tooth that he reported he had been having problems with for several months. When he was not promptly seen for the dental problem, Turner sent another request and, on November 30, 2008, he was issued pain medication and was assured he was on the dentist's list. Turner had two teeth pulled on December 30, 2008.

Between November 2008 and February 2009, Turner submitted four sick call requests for rashes, follow up on his teeth, and allergies, all of which were responded to by the medical staff.

Turner alleges that for a few weeks in November/December 2008, 3-7 days in January 2009, and 3-7 days in February or March, 2009, he experienced headaches, nausea, lightheadedness, fatigue and a feeling which made him suspect he was bleeding internally. (Turner Depo. 70-77). He alleges that he submitted sick call slips during these spells directly to the nurses on duty, but the jail records contain no such slips. (Turner Depo. 77-78). Although Turner's responsive memoranda argue that he received no responses to these medical requests, Turner testified in his deposition that he was seen by nurses in response to these sick call slips. Specifically, the nurses would ask him about his symptoms, take his vital signs and temperature, and they once drew his blood, although he did not learn any results from the blood tests. (Turner Depo. 135-36).

On April 10, 2009, Turner completed an Inmate Sick Call Slip stating as his problem: "sick to stomach, headaches." (Doc. 138-6). However, Turner subsequently refused ...

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