MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on a motion by Defendant, Tony Delano, to suppress the search and seizure of several computers from his residence [DN 23]. On September 4, 2007, a suppression hearing was held. The parties filed supplemental briefs [DN 33, DN 34]. Fully briefed, this matter is ripe for decision.
On May 10, 2006, United States Immigrations and Customs Enforcement ("ICE") Special Agents, Ron Crawford and Magin Sacasas, went to the residence of Tony Delano located in LaGrange, Kentucky, to conduct a "knock and talk"*fn1 after receiving information from the Newark, New Jersey ICE office that an individual using the email address TONY28@aol.com purchased a subscription to four websites linked to child pornography.
The ICE Agents did not have a search warrant or an arrest warrant.
Delano's residence was located in a residential subdivision of single-family homes. The Agents were dressed in casual clothing, jeans and t-shirts, with untucked, unbuttoned shirts over the t-shirts and concealing their weapons. On arrival at the residence, Delano answered the door and according to Agent Crawford, both himself and Agent Sacasas introduced themselves by showing Delano their government-issued ICE credentials. The agents asked permission to speak with Delano and Delano invited them into his residence. The interview was conducted in the home's living room, with the participants sitting on a sofa and chairs.
Delano spoke with the agents for approximately one hour and fifteen minutes. During the interview, Delano was asked if he would be willing to confirm two credit card numbers associated with the investigation, and Delano agreed and confirmed his possession of the two credit card numbers. Delano also advised the agents that he had recently purchased a Dell computer approximately six weeks prior to the interview and had purchased a laptop approximately one year prior to the interview. Delano confirmed that he had internet access provided by Insight Communications. Delano further provided the agents with his previous email address, TONY28@aol.com. Delano was asked if he had ever purchased child pornography. Delano replied by saying, "I would prefer not to answer." Agent Crawford testified that he then told Delano that it appeared he was not being totally candid and explained that his credit cards were involved in purchases from web sites that contained child pornography. Agent Crawford then asked Delano if he would be willing to grant consent for ICE agents to search his computers. Delano replied, "I guess you guys are going to take the computers anyway." Agent Crawford provided Delano with a copy of an ICE Consent to Search Computer/Electronic Equipment Form. According to Agent Crawford, Delano signed the consent to search form after reading the form and filling in the blanks.
After completing the form, Delano showed the agents the home office, where the computers were located. Agent Crawford testified that upon entering the office, Agent Sacasas noticed a child pornographic image on one of the computers. Agent Crawford stated that Delano helped the agents disconnect the computers and carry them to the agents' vehicle.
Defendant filed this motion to suppress the search and seizure of the three computers obtained from his residence. Defendant argues that he did not voluntarily consent to law enforcement searching his computers and as a result, the evidence obtained from the search of the computers should be suppressed.
The Fourth Amendment prohibits searches without a warrant except in limited circumstances, such as when the search is conducted with consent. In order to justify a search by consent, "the government must prove by 'clear and positive testimony' that the asserted consent was 'voluntary' and 'unequivocally, specifically, and intelligently given.'" United States v. Buckingham, 433 F.3d 508, 514 (6th Cir. 2006)(quoting United States v. Worley, 193 F.3d 380, 385-86 (6th Cir.1999)). "The question of whether a consent to search is voluntary and knowing is ...