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Hillerich & Bradsby Co. v. Parker

April 30, 1954

HILLERICH & BRADSBY CO.
v.
PARKER ET AL.



Combs

The Workmen's Compensation Board, one member dissenting, dismissed appellee's application for compensation on the ground that she had not sustained an injury by accident within the meaning of the Act. The chancellor set aside the Board's order and directed that the case be remanded to the Board for the entry of an appropriate award. The employer has appealed.

Appellee's disability is the result of a ganglion cyst on the back of her right wrist. She commenced work for the appellant Company on March 22nd, and claims to have been injured on the following April 12th. She worked at refinishing old gun stocks. Her particular job was to apply the gun stocks against an electric driven sanding belt so as to remove the stains and smooth out the rough places in the wood. In order to accomplish her task it was necessary to grasp the gun stock in both hands, hold it securely against the moving belt and gradually turn it until the entire surface was sanded. The employees who did this type of work were paid on a piecework basis. The work was done at a high rate of speed. The average employee usually sanded some 700 to 800 gun stocks per working day. The sanding operation apparently required considerable manipulation of the hands and wrists.

Appellee described the events of April 12th in these words:

"Q. 9. Will you tell the Board, first, what sort of an injury is that, or was that? A. Well, it was -- my wrist began swelling --

"Q. 10. (Interrupting) First, which wrist was it? A. My right wrist. It became terribly sore, oh, for 4 or 5 days. And then on the 12th of April we were pressed for work -- I mean, they were pushing us quite hard and I had this successive (excessive) strain on twisting my wrist.

"Q. 14. Just tell about what happened, as near as you recollect it, and what you were doing there? A. Well, we started to work at 7:00 o'clock, and they would push these racks of gun stocks which consisted of 100 gun stocks to each rack --

"Q. 15. (Interrupting) Who did that? A. We did; we would push them up to our machine, complete them, and then push them over for the next operation. And on this particular day they were pushing them over very fast, and my hand had been sore but it began swelling that day. And I went over and I told my boss, Mr. Edelen, that my hand was so sore that I couldn't hardly do anything, and would they put me on something that wouldn't be so hard on my hand and maybe it would ease off. They told me to go to first aid down on the first floor, and I went down there and there was nobody in first aid but there were two men in a room next to it and one of them taped up my hand.

"Q. 17. Did anything in particular happen at that time to cause it to get any worse, or not? A. Well it was just this more excessive work. We were working at such excessive speed that I evidently struck it or twisted it, or something or other.

"Q. 99. And because of the weight of the stock, and the necessity of repeatedly turning your right hand to hold the proper proportion of the surface against the sand belt, the muscles in your right wrist got sore almost immediately when you began working, isn't that true? A. That is right, they became sore.

"Q. 100. And they continued to be sore for several days or a week, or more, is that right? A. That is right.

"Q. 102. And during that whole two weeks period your right wrist, or the muscles in it, had been sore from -- A. (Interrupting) They had been sore, yes sir.

"Q. 103. And by the end of two weeks your wrist had taken to swelling a little, is that right? A. On April 12th I evidently jerked it or something because it began swelling up, and a lump appeared there.

"Q. 104. Well by April 12th you noticed some swelling, is that right? A. Yes, on that particular date.

"Q. 105. You don't remember hitting your wrist or doing anything particularly to it that day, do you? ...


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